'Laws without morals are useless'
The University of Pennsylvania is a private, Ivy League, research university located in Philadelphia.Incorporated as The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, Penn is one of 14 founding membersof the Association of American Universities and one of the nine original Colonial Colleges.BenjaminFranklin, , Penn's founder, advocated an educational program that focused as much on practical educationfor commerce and public service as on the classics and theology. The university coat of arms featuresa dolphin on the red chief, adopted directly from the Franklin family's own coat of arms. Penn wasone of the first academic institutions to follow a multidisciplinary model pioneered by several Europeanuniversities, concentrating multiple 'faculties' into one institution. It was also home to many othereducational innovations. The first school of medicine in North America , the first collegiate businessschool and the first 'student union' building and organization, were all born at Penn.Penn offersa broad range of academic departments, an extensive research enterprise and a number of community outreachand public service programs. It is particularly well known for its medical school, dental school, designschool, school of business, law school, engineering school, communications school, nursing school,veterinary school, its social sciences and humanities programs, as well as its biomedical teachingand research capabilities. Its undergraduate program is also among the most selective in the country,with an acceptance rate of under 10 percent. One of Penn's most well known academic qualities is itsemphasis on interdisciplinary education, which it promotes through numerous joint degree programs,research centers and professorships, a unified campus, and the ability for students to take classesfrom any of Penn's schools .All of Penn's schools exhibit very high research activity. Penn is consistentlyranked among the top research universities in the world, for both quality and quantity of research.In fiscal year 2011, Penn topped the Ivy League in academic research spending with an 814 millionbudget, involving some 4,000 faculty, 1,100 postdoctoral fellows and 5,400 support staff/graduate assistants.As one of the most active and prolific research institutions, Penn is associated with several importantinnovations and discoveries in many fields of science and the humanities. Among them are the first general purpose electronic computer, the rubella and hepatitis B vaccines, Retin-A, cognitive therapy,conjoint analysis and others.